Indonesia's 11-year national integrated pest management program (IPM)
(1989–1999) is considered to be one of the most successful examples of IPM in a developing
country. The program is best known for introducing the innovative farmer
field school model of agroecosystem-based experiential learning, subsequentl disseminated and adapted throughout the world. In the 12 years
since the termination of the program in 1999, government support for the national IPM program has wavered, contributing to a
resurgence of the pesticide-induced resurgent pest problems that
had led to its establishment. This article examines the
socio-political basis and drivers of Indonesia's retreat from IPM.