The growing demand for food poses major challenges to humankind. Agricultural sustainability is
no longer optional but mandatory. There is still an on-going debate
among researchers and in the media on the best strategy. One strategy
favors the use of genetically modified (GM) crops, while another
strategy focuses on agricultural biodiversity. The claim that genetically modified crops are necessary if we are to
secure food production within the next decades has no
scientific support, but is rather a reflection of corporate interests.
However, there is a shortage of research funds for
agrobiodiversity solutions in comparison with funding for research in
genetic modification of crops. Favoring biodiversity does not exclude
any future biotechnological contributions, but favoring biotechnology
threatens future biodiversity resources. An objective review of current
knowledge places GM crops far down the list of potential solutions in
the coming decades.