Considering the ongoing violence in the Middle East and
North Africa (MENA) region, especially within Syria and Iraq, it is
essential to provide an accurate explanation of causes. In addition to discussing the
climate-related concerns associated with the emergence of violence, this
paper considers how tackling the environmental crisis in MENA will
improve living standards and lead towards sustainable development. As a
supplement to a range of secondary data, a small selection of
individuals who have escaped the recent conflicts have been interviewed.
Because this sample pool is small, and the ongoing violence
precludes fieldwork, this study provides only a
preliminary exploration of the topic. As a
potential adaptation to climate change in the region, permaculture is
presented through illustrations of its capabilities for redressing some
of the underlying causes of violence in the region.