This paper critically analyses the construction of eco-cities as
technological fixes to concerns over climate change, Peak Oil, and other
scenarios in the transition towards “green capitalism”. It argues for a
critical engagement with new-build eco-city projects, first by
highlighting the inequalities which mean that eco-cities will not
benefit those who will be most impacted by climate change. Second, the paper investigates the
foundation of eco-city projects on notions of crisis and scarcity.
Third, there is a need to critically interrogate the mechanisms through
which new eco-cities are built, including the land market, reclamation,
dispossession and “green grabbing”. Lastly, a sustained focus is needed
on workers geographies in and around these
“emerald cities”, especially the
temporary settlements housing the millions of workers who movefrom one
new project to another.